Song in the construction of tamil South Indian history and identity

Sources cited


Allen, Matthew H.  The Tamil Padam: A Dance Music Genre of South India. Doctoral Dissertation, Wesleyan University, 1992.

Allen, Matthew H. “Rewriting the Script for South Indian Dance.” In TDR 41(3)63-100, 1997.

Arunacalam, M. Musical Tradition of Tamilnadu. Madras: International Society for the Investigation of Ancient Civilizations, 1989.

Baskaran, S. Theodore. The Eye of the Serpent: An Introduction to Tamil Cinema. Chennai: East West Books, 1996.

Kolappan, B. “Sleeping Employees, A French Official: The Saga of a Tamil Opera.” The Hindu (Chennai), 23 December 2013.

Krishnamurty, S.V. “Arunacala Kavirayar.” In Kuppuswamy, Gowry, and Hariharan, M., editors. Glimpses of Indian Music. Delhi: Sundeep Prakashan, 1982:7-10.

Narayanan, Kalanidhi. Personal Communication, 1990, In Allen 1997:74.

Peterson, Indira Viswanathan. “Rewriting Cultural History through the Novel: Music and Dance as Tamil Tradition in Kalaimani’s ‘Tillana Mohanambal’.”  In Peterson and Soneji, editors, Performing Pasts: Reinventing the Arts in Modern South India. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Ramanujan, A.K. Poems of Love and War: from the Eight Anthologies and the Ten Long Poems of Classical Tamil. New York: Columbia University Press, 1985.

Seshadri, S.V. Personal Communication, in Allen 1992:D3:1.

Sherinian, Zoe C. Tamil Folk Music as Dalit Liberation Theology. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2013.

Shulman, David Dean. Tamil Temple Myths: Sacrifice and Divine Marriage in the South Indian Saiva Tradition. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980.



1. Maraintu Iruntu - What is the Secret?
2. Inimel Avarkkum - From Now On
3. Kaiyil Panam Illamal - Without Money in Hand
4. Ella Arumaigalum - My all-knowing all-seeing Lord
5. Pazham Ni Appa - You are the Fruit
6. Nadamadi Tirinda - You Used to Get About Quite Well
7. Ethukkittanai Modi Tan - Why This Love Quarrel?

8. En Palli Kondir - Why are You Stretched Out on the Ground?
9. Jagajjanani - Mother of the Universe

10. Taye Yasoda - Oh Mother Yasoda
11. Vazhi Maraittu - My View is Obstructed
Musical examples


By Matthew Allen

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